Revised site note 1/24/10: This is largely moot now, due to recent improvements. If you get this far, use BBEdit, and life will be much easier. I leave this page for legacy purposes. You can contact me at the email below if you have questions.

Converting Van Nooten/Holland's
Electronic RV
For DOS or Mac:

Beginning on DOS with ".zip" files
Basic DOS/Mac conversion file
Convert to proper text with accent & diacritics

Currently, the entire Aufrecht version of Van Nooten's text is available via the homepage of Prof. Michael Witzel at Harvard University as shareware. The Van Nooten/Holland copy you buy (or download at Dr. Witzel's site) has a DOS disk with compressed versions of the files. If you have a PowerMac and Insignia Solutions Softwindows (link for this to be added, otherwise, do a search with "softwindows and insignia" in the search window), you'll be okay, otherwise you'll need a DOS system for the first two steps. I recommend use of the repl.chg method described in the readme.txt file on the disk.

I set up a temp directory, copied Van Nooten files into it from the disk for safety in case anything went wrong. I am assuming you have already unzipped (I.e. un-compressed) them. If not, it is simple to do so. For each file, at the DOS prompt, (after all files are copied from the original Van Nooten disk onto your hard drive) do the following command for each one:

PKUNZIP filename

"filename" is the name of the original Van Nooten .zip file you're un-compressing.

Next you have to use your DOS word processor to create a file with a space along the left margin, no spaces between lines, single spaced, with equivalencies I recommend as follows. Regardless how the following chart looks, this file must all be one single column, seperated from the left margin by a single space only.

To type these characters--the odd ones--you may wish to refer to the "Character Set" sections of your word-processor manual to learn how to get these characters. I have equivalencies for them viz. Sanskrit diacritics below as well. If you can't get the more peculiar ASCII characters, I can get you the file you'll need quite easily--if you can use the web and e-mail, you can get and use this file. Either way you get the first conversion done, SAVE IT AS A TEXT-ONLY/ASCII/DOS TEXT FILE, AND USE IT TO PERFORM THE DOS INITIAL CONVERSION. Make sure you name it "repl.chg" and save it in the same directory where you'll do the conversions. Now, here's the basic DOS equivalencies:

The 'Z' character is a single one, just very "tall" as is 'ff,' 'RR,' 'LL,' etc. Again, if you can't make a repl.chg file like this--write me:

Make sure that to the left of each line, there is ONE and only one space on the left margin. Do NOT make seperate columns, keep each line single spaced, spilling to a another page is need be. Save it as "DOS text" or "ASCII text" in your word processor's "file format" save window. Single quotes should be placed around each character with spaces as they are. Just make sure none of the lines are all the way at the right margin. Then use the command at your DOS prompt (make sure you're IN the directory where the RV files are located):

change filename1 filename2 repl.chg

Note: the word change is to be followed by a space, then the name of the original Van Nooten file that you are changing. The word filename2 (which follows filename1 with only one space in between) is whatever you want to call the new file (in which you will then need to use search & replace to add diacritics- cf. below). The word filename2 is followed by one space, then the word repl.chg. filename1 is the newly-made Van Nooten file from the PKUNZIP command above. Make sure repl.chg is in the directory where the Van Nooten files are.

You will have to search & replace in your DOS or Mac word processor to get actual diacritics. For Mac you have to begin on a DOS machine, so find a friend, or get Insignia Solutions Softwindows to emulate DOS if you have a POWERPC chip. Once you get the raw ascii characters in the left-hand side of the columns in the table below, your mac should be able to read a DOS disk with this raw data. For Mac, I recommend Deshpande's ManjushreeCSX font. See my technical links for DOS resources.

Van Nooten renders the pluta with single and triple metric strength differently. OFten the reverse accent mark is a jatyasvarita, and one should therefore always use a proper Devanagari version as a companion to e-texts. In some cases, as I work mainly with Aufrecht and not the Metric Restoration for various reasons, you will note that a unique symbol is used where only a simple jatyasvarita accent is present.

With certain characters in the table below, you will note duplications, or characters with accent grave vs. accent ague. It was the only symbol I could find to account for how Van Nooten gave the particular Devanagari character a separate or distinct ASCII code figure. Ultimately this is all matters of accent and the collusion of sandhi with udaatta and anudaatta such that a variety of svarita's are the result. I recommend MacDonnell's Vedic Grammar discussion--on RV ONLY--for a simple clarification of these contingencies. Shatapatha accent is different.

My* Convert Tables

*I may have some errors, but use this in Find-n-Replace on your Word Processor. Any errors could PLEASE be reported to:

Revised Site Note 1/24/10: The links below are old ones, to pages left as they were for the sake of old site memory. Some funny links from them, and no promises as to what shape their content is in.

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